Vertica Analytics Platform Version 10.1.x Documentation

Predefined Database Roles

Vertica has the following predefined roles:

Automatic Role Grants

On installation, Vertica automatically grants and enables predefined roles as follows:

  • Roles DBADMIN, PSEUDOSUPERUSER, and DBDUSER are irrevocably granted to the dbadmin user. These roles are always enabled for dbadmin, and can never be dropped.
  • PUBLIC is granted to dbadmin, and to all other users as they are created. This role is always enabled and cannot be dropped or revoked.

Granting Predefined Roles

After installation, the dbadmin user and users with the PSEUDOSUPERUSER role can grant one or more predefined roles to any user or non-predefined role. For example, the following set of statements creates role userdba and grants it the predefined role DBADMIN:

=> CREATE ROLE userdba;
CREATE ROLE
=> GRANT DBADMIN TO userdba WITH ADMIN OPTION;
GRANT ROLE

Users and roles that are granted a predefined role can extend that role to other users, if the original GRANT statement includes WITH ADMIN OPTION. One exception applies: if you grant a user the PSEUDOSUPERUSER role and omit WITH ADMIN OPTION, the grantee can grant any role, including all predefined roles, to other users.

For example, role userdba was previously granted the dbadmin role. Because the GRANT statement includes WITH ADMIN OPTION, users who are assigned the userdba role can grant the dbadmin role to other users:

=> GRANT userdba TO fred;
GRANT ROLE
=> \c - fred
You are now connected as user "fred".
=> SET ROLE userdba;
SET
=> GRANT dbadmin TO alice;
GRANT ROLE

Modifying Predefined Roles

Excluding SYSMONITOR, you can grant predefined roles privileges on individual database objects, such as tables or schemas. For example:

=> CREATE SCHEMA s1;
CREATE SCHEMA
=> GRANT ALL ON SCHEMA s1 to PUBLIC;
GRANT PRIVILEGE

You can grant PUBLIC any role, including predefined roles. For example:

=> GRANT r1 TO PUBLIC;
GRANT ROLE

You cannot modify any other predefined role by granting another role to it. Attempts to do so return a rollback error:

=> CREATE ROLE r1;
CREATE ROLE
=> GRANT r1 TO PSEUDOSUPERUSER;
ROLLBACK 2347:  Cannot alter predefined role "pseudosuperuser"