Configuring Access to SecureData
The Vertica integration functions require several pieces of information in order to connect to and authenticate with SecureData.
SecureData Global Configuration Settings
The SecureData integration has one required setting and two optional settings that you set globally using the VoltageSecureConfigureGlobal function. This function saves the settings to a configuration file named /voltagesecure/conf.global stored in the Vertica Distributed File System (DFS). This file system is used by Vertica to store data that can be accessed by all nodes. You must use the function to create this file before you use any of the other SecureData integration functions. All users who have access to the SecureData functions are able to access the settings in this file.
The one required setting is the URL of the SecureData policy file. This file provides the SecureData integration library with details of how the SecureData Appliance is configured. The library also uses this URL to determine the address of the SecureData Appliance.
The two optional settings are:
allow_short_fpe: When set to True, SecureData ignores the lower length limit for encoding FPE values. Usually, SecureData does not use FPE to encrypt data shorter than a lower limit (usually, 8 bits). See the SecureData Architecture Guide's section on Data Length Restrictions for more information.
enable_file_cache: When set to True, Vertica caches the SecureData policy file and encryption keys to disk, rather than just to memory. Defaults to false.
This example sets the policy URL globally to https://voltage-pp-0000.example.com/policy/clientPolicy.xml and the network timeout to 200 seconds.
=> SELECT VoltageSecureConfigureGlobal(USING PARAMETERS policy_url='https://voltage-pp-0000.example.com/policy/clientPolicy.xml', NETWORK_TIMEOUT=200) OVER (); policy_url | allow_short_fpe | enable_file_cache | network_timeout -----------------------------------------------------------------+-----------------+-------------------+----------------- https://voltage-pp-0000.example.com/policy/clientPolicy.xml | | | 200 (1 row)
Manually refresh the client policy across the nodes:
=> SELECT VoltageSecureRefreshPolicy() OVER (); PolicyRefresh ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Successfully refreshed policy on node [v_sandbox_node0001]. Policy on other nodes will be refreshed the next time a Voltage operation is run on them. (1 row)
The SecureData integration only supports one configuration for the SecureData Appliance at a time.
SecureData User Configuration Settings
The remaining SecureData settings define SecureData user information. They are usually specific to each user accessing the integration functions. However, you can have all Vertica users share the same SecureData user configuration. These settings are:
- Your authentication credentials for SecureData. The exact information you need depends on your SecureData Appliance's configuration. There are four potential settings you that you can use:
username: a username that you use to identify yourself. Your user name is either defined by LDAP (when using LDAP authentication) or by the SecureData appliance when using shared secret authentication.
identity: the SecureData identity to use. See the SecureData Administrator Guide for more information about identities in SecureData. The identity usually takes the form of an email address. When your SecureData Appliance uses LDAP authentication, your LDAP account must have access to this identity.
shared_secret: a password set in SecureData.
password: the LDAP password to use to authenticate with SecureData.
You can supply both a username and identity, depending on the SecureData Appliance's configuration. Your SecureData Appliance can be configured to supply the identity based on your SecureData username.
However, you can only use a shared_secret or a password. If you set both parameters, the Vertica SecureData functions exit with an error.
You have two options for setting these configuration values: setting them in user-defined session parameters, or saving the values in a configuration file stored in the Vertica distributed file system.
Setting SecureDate User Session Parameters
Use the ALTER SESSION statement to set parameters for the voltagesecurelib library. This library contains all of the SecureData functions. The following example demonstrates configuring the session to access SecureData using shared secret authentication.
=> ALTER SESSION SET UDPARAMETER FOR voltagesecurelib firstname.lastname@example.org'; ALTER SESSION => ALTER SESSION SET UDPARAMETER FOR voltagesecurelib username='alice'; ALTER SESSION => ALTER SESSION SET UDPARAMETER FOR voltagesecurelib shared_secret='my_shared_secret'; ALTER SESSION
Once set, these parameters only last for the duration of your session.
Saving Parameters in Configuration Files
You can use the VoltageSecureConfigure function to save SecureData user parameters to a configuration file in the DFS. You must supply a file name for your configuration file. You can choose to store your SecureData parameters in a user-specific file by supplying just a file name, such as
securedata.conf. Behind the scenes, your configuration file is stored in DFS under a directory named for your username. This directory prevents your configuration file from conflicting with other users' files. You do not use this directory name when accessing your configuration file.
You can also store the configuration parameters in an absolute file named
/voltagesecure/conf. All users who have access to the SecureData integration functions can use this configuration file in their function calls. You can use this file if all of the users accessing the SecureData functions share the same SecureData user settings.
All users that have access to the VoltageSecureConfigure function can write to the global
/voltagesecure/conf file. Users do not need to be able to write to this file in order to use it in calls to the other SecureData integration functions. You will usually choose to either grant users access to VoltageSecureConfigure in order to save their own configuration files, or you will use the global
/voltagesecure/conf file and not grant users access to VoltageSecureConfigure.
Values in the session parameters override values in configuration files.
You call VoltageSecureConfigure with the parameters you want to save to the configuration file. Values that you do not set in this function call are not set in the configuration file. You must supply those values to the other SecureData integration functions using session parameters.
If you choose to save either the password or shared secret to your configuration file, you do not directly pass them to the VoltageSecureConfigure function. Instead, you set the value in the appropriate session variable, and then set either VoltageSecureConfigure's
store_shared_secret parameter to true. When either of these parameters are true, VoltageSecureConfigure reads the value from the session variable and saves it in the configuration file.
Under normal circumstances, users are not able to directly read data from files stored in DFS. However, all users who have access to UDx functions that read from the DFS could access these files from within Vertica.
In addition, these files are stored as plain text in every node's file system. Anyone with the proper file system access on the nodes can read the file's contents.
You should take both of these facts into consideration when deciding whether to store sensitive information such as passwords or shared secrets in either the shared or per-user configuration files.
Example: Creating a User-Specific Configuration File
The following example shows how you can create a user-specific configuration file. This example does not store information such as the password or shared secret, so you must still set session parameters for these values before you can call the other SecureData integration functions.
=> \x Expanded display is on. => SELECT VoltageSecureConfigure(USING PARAMETERS config_dfs_path='voltage.conf', username='alice', email@example.com', store_password=false ) OVER (); -[ RECORD 1 ]-----+---------------------------------------------------------------- config_dfs_path | voltage.conf identity | firstname.lastname@example.org username | alice