Modifies an existing resource pool by setting one or more parameters.

You can use ALTER RESOURCE POOL to modify some parameters in Vertica built-in resource pools. For details on default settings and restrictions, see Built-In Resource Pools Configuration.


ALTER RESOURCE POOL pool‑name [ parameter‑name setting ]…



The name of the resource pool. Built-in pool names cannot be used for user-defined pools.

If you specify a resource pool name with uppercase letters, Vertica converts them to lowercase letters.

parameter‑name The parameter to set, listed below.

The value to set on parameter‑name. To reset this parameter to its default value, specify DEFAULT.

Default values specified in this table pertain only to user-defined resource pools. For built-in pool default values, see Built-In Resource Pools Configuration, or query system table RESOURCE_POOL_DEFAULTS.


Specifies a secondary resource pool for executing queries that exceed the RUNTIMECAP setting of their assigned resource pool:

CASCADE TO secondary‑pool

Specifies whether the resource pool has exclusive or shared use of the CPUs specified in CPUAFFINITYSET:

  • SHARED: Queries that run in this pool share its CPUAFFINITYSET CPUs with other Vertica resource pools.
  • EXCLUSIVE: Dedicates CPUAFFINITYSET CPUs to this resource pool only, and excludes other Vertica resource pools. If CPUAFFINITYSET is set as a percentage, then that percentage of CPU resources available to Vertica is assigned solely for this resource pool.
  • ANY (default): Queries in this resource pool can run on any CPU, invalid if CPUAFFINITYSET designates CPU resources.

CPUAFFINITYMODE and CPUAFFINITYSET must be set together in the same statement.


Specifies which CPUs are available to this resource pool. All cluster nodes must have the same number of CPUs. The CPU resources assigned to this set are unavailable to general resource pools.

| 'cpu‑indexi-cpu‑indexn'
| 'integer%'
  • cpu‑index[,…]: Dedicates one or more comma-delimited CPUs to this pool.
  • cpu‑indexi-cpu‑indexn: Dedicates a range of contiguous CPU indexes to this pool
  • integer%: Percentage of all available CPUs to use for this pool. Vertica rounds this percentage down to include whole CPU units.
  • NONE (default): No affinity set is assigned to this resource pool. The queries associated with this pool are executed on any CPU.

CPUAFFINITYSET and CPUAFFINITYMODE must be set together in the same statement.


Limits the number of threads used to process any single query issued in this resource pool.

  • limit: An integer value between 1 and the number of cores. Setting this parameter to a reduced value increases throughput of short queries issued in the pool, especially if the queries are executed concurrently.
  • AUTO or 0 (default): Vertica calculates the setting from the number of cores, available memory, and amount of data in the system. Unless memory is limited, or the amount of data is very small, Vertica sets this parameter to the number of cores on the node.

Sets the maximum number of concurrent execution slots available to the resource pool, across the cluster:


NONE (default) specifies unlimited number of concurrent execution slots.


The maximum size per node the resource pool can grow by borrowing memory from the GENERAL pool:

| 'integer{K|M|G|T}'
  • integer%: Percentage of total memory
  • integer{K|M|G|T}: Amount of memory in kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes, or terabytes
  • NONE (default): Unlimited, pool can borrow any amount of available memory from the GENERAL pool.

The maximum amount of memory that this pool can allocate at runtime to process a query. If the query requires more memory than this setting, Vertica stops execution and returns an error.

Set this parameter as follows:

| 'integer{K|M|G|T}'
  • integer%: Percentage of MAXMEMORYSIZE for this pool.
  • integer{K|M|G|T}: Amount of memory in kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes, or terabytes, up to the value of MAXMEMORYSIZE.
  • NONE (default): Unlimited; pool can borrow any amount of available memory from the GENERAL pool, within the limits set by MAXMEMORYSIZE.

Changes to MAXQUERYMEMORYSIZE are applied retroactively to queries that are currently executing. If you reduce this setting, queries that were budgeted with the previous memory size are liable to fail if they try to allocate more memory than the new setting allows.


The amount of total memory available to the Vertica resource manager that is allocated to this pool per node:

| 'integer{K|M|G|T}'
  • integer%: Percentage of total memory
  • integer{K|M|G|T}: Amount of memory in kilobytes, megabytes, gigabytes, or terabytes

Default: 0%. No memory allocated, the resource pool borrows memory from the GENERAL pool.


Specifies the preferred number queries to execute concurrently in the resource pool. This setting applies to the entire cluster:

  • num‑queries: Integer value ≥ 1, specifies the preferred number of concurrently executing queries. When possible, query resource budgets are limited to allow this level of concurrent execution.
  • AUTO (default): Value is calculated automatically at query runtime. Vertica sets this parameter to the lower of these two calculations, but never less than 4:
    • Number of logical cores
    • Memory divided by 2GB

For clusters where the number of logical cores differs on different nodes, AUTO can apply differently on each node. Distributed queries run like the minimal effective planned concurrency. Single node queries run with the planned concurrency of the initiator.

Change this parameter only after evaluating performance over a period of time.


Specifies priority of queries in this pool when they compete for resources in the GENERAL pool:

PRIORITY { integer | HOLD }
  • integer: A negative or positive integer value, where higher numbers denote higher priority:
    • User-defined pools: ‑100 to 100
    • Built-in pools SYSQUERY, RECOVERY, and TM:  ‑110 to 110
  • HOLD: Sets priority to -999. Queries in this pool are queued until QUEUETIMEOUT is reached.

Default: 0


Species how long a request can wait for pool resources before it is rejected:

QUEUETIMEOUT { integer | NONE } 
  • integer: Maximum wait time in seconds
  • NONE: No maximum wait time, request can be queued indefinitely.

Default: 300 seconds


Prevents runaway queries by setting the maximum time a query in the pool can execute. If a query exceeds this setting, it tries to cascade to a secondary pool:

RUNTIMECAP { 'interval' | NONE }
  • interval: An interval of 1 minute or 100 seconds; should not exceed one year.
  • NONE (default): No time limit on queries running in this pool.
  • To specify a value in days, provide an integer value. To provide a value less than one day, provide the interval in the format hours:minutes:seconds. For example a value of 1:30:00 would equal 90 minutes.

    If the user or session also has a RUNTIMECAP, the shorter limit applies.


Determines how the resource manager should prioritize dedication of run-time resources (CPU, I/O bandwidth) to queries already running in this resource pool:




Specifies in seconds a time limit in which a query must finish before the resource manager assigns to it the resource pool's RUNTIMEPRIORITY. All queries begin running at a HIGH priority. When a query's duration exceeds this threshold, it is assigned the RUNTIMEPRIORITY of the resource pool.


Default: 2


By default, set to false for backward compatibility. Do not change this setting.




This example shows how to alter resource pool ceo_pool by setting the priority to 5.


This example shows how to designate a secondary resource pool for ceo_pool.

=> CREATE RESOURCE POOL second_pool;
=> ALTER RESOURCE POOL ceo_pool CASCADE TO second_pool;


See Also