Vertica Analytics Platform Version 9.2.x Documentation

COUNT [Analytic]

Counts occurrences within a group within a window. If you specify * or some non-null constant, COUNT() counts all rows.

Behavior Type

Immutable

Syntax

COUNT ( expression ) OVER ( 
... [ window-partition-clause ] 
... [ window-order-clause ]
... [ window-frame-clause ] )

Parameters

expression

Returns the number of rows in each group for which the expression is not null. Can be any expression resulting in BIGINT.

OVER()

See Analytic Functions.

Example

Using the schema defined in Window Framing in Analyzing Data, the following COUNT function omits window order and window frame clauses; otherwise Vertica would treat it as a window aggregate. Think of the window of reporting aggregates as UNBOUNDED PRECEDING and UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING.

=> SELECT deptno, sal, empno, COUNT(sal)     
     OVER (PARTITION BY deptno) AS count FROM emp;
 deptno | sal | empno | count 
--------+-----+-------+-------
     10 | 101 |     1 |     2
     10 | 104 |     4 |     2
     20 | 110 |    10 |     6
     20 | 110 |     9 |     6   
     20 | 109 |     7 |     6    
     20 | 109 |     6 |     6
     20 | 109 |     8 |     6    
     20 | 109 |    11 |     6   
     30 | 105 |     5 |     3
     30 | 103 |     3 |     3
     30 | 102 |     2 |     3

Using ORDER BY sal creates a moving window query with default window: RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW.

=> SELECT deptno, sal, empno, COUNT(sal)   
     OVER (PARTITION BY deptno ORDER BY sal) AS count 
   FROM emp;
 deptno | sal | empno | count 
--------+-----+-------+-------
     10 | 101 |     1 |     1
     10 | 104 |     4 |     2
     20 | 100 |    11 |     1
     20 | 109 |     7 |     4   
     20 | 109 |     6 |     4    
     20 | 109 |     8 |     4
     20 | 110 |    10 |     6    
     20 | 110 |     9 |     6   
     30 | 102 |     2 |     1
     30 | 103 |     3 |     2
     30 | 105 |     5 |     3

Using the VMart schema, the following query finds the number of employees who make less than or equivalent to the hourly rate of the current employee. The query returns a running/cumulative average (sometimes called a moving average) using the default window of RANGE UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW:

=> SELECT employee_last_name AS "last_name", hourly_rate, COUNT(*)  
   OVER (ORDER BY hourly_rate) AS moving_count from employee_dimension;
 last_name  | hourly_rate | moving_count
------------+-------------+--------------
 Gauthier   |           6 |            4
 Taylor     |           6 |            4
 Jefferson  |           6 |            4
 Nielson    |           6 |            4
 McNulty    |        6.01 |           11
 Robinson   |        6.01 |           11
 Dobisz     |        6.01 |           11
 Williams   |        6.01 |           11
 Kramer     |        6.01 |           11
 Miller     |        6.01 |           11
 Wilson     |        6.01 |           11
 Vogel      |        6.02 |           14
 Moore      |        6.02 |           14
 Vogel      |        6.02 |           14
 Carcetti   |        6.03 |           19
...

To return a moving average that is not also a running (cumulative) average, the window should specify ROWS BETWEEN 2 PRECEDING AND 2 FOLLOWING:

=> SELECT employee_last_name AS "last_name", hourly_rate, COUNT(*)   
      OVER (ORDER BY hourly_rate ROWS BETWEEN 2 PRECEDING AND 2 FOLLOWING) 
   AS moving_count from employee_dimension;