Vertica Analytics Platform Version 9.2.x Documentation
Spatial Data Types
Vertica supports two spatial data types. These data types store two and threedimensional spatial objects in a table column:

GEOMETRY
: Spatial object with coordinates expressed as (x,y) pairs, defined in the Cartesian plane. All calculations use Cartesian coordinates. 
GEOGRAPHY
: Spatial object defined as on the surface of a perfect sphere, or a spatial object in the WGS84 coordinate system. Coordinates are expressed in longitude/latitude angular values, measured in degrees. All calculations are in meters. For perfect sphere calculations, the sphere has a radius of 6371 kilometers, which approximates the shape of the earth.
Some spatial programs use an ellipsoid to model the earth, resulting in slightly different data.
The maximum size of a GEOMETRY
or GEOGRAPHY
data type is 10,000,000 bytes (10 MB). You cannot use either data type as a table's primary key.
Syntax
GEOMETRY [ (length) ]
GEOGRAPHY [ (length) ]
Parameters
length 
The maximum amount of spatial data that a Maximum value: 10 MB Default value: 1 MB 
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