Installing the FIPS Client Driver for JDBC

Vertica offers a JDBC client driver that is compliant with the Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS). Use this JDBC client driver to access systems that are FIPS-compatible. For more information on FIPS in Vertica, see Federal Information Processing Standard.

Implementing FIPS on a JDBC client requires a third-party JRE extension called BouncyCastle, a collection of APIs used for cryptography. Use BouncyCastle APIs with JDK 1.7 and 1.8, and a FIPS-compliant operating system that Vertica supports.

When using the JDBC FIPS-compliant client, expect some time lag for the client to connect efficiently and securely. If necessary, increase your system's entropy to ensure a fast and secure connection.

You need to add the FIPS BouncyCastle jar as the JVM JSSE provider, as follows:

  1. Download the BouncyCastle FIPS jar file bc-fips-1.0.0.jar from the BouncyCastle download page.
  2. Add bc-fips-1.0.0.jar as a JRE library extension:

    <path to jre>/lib/ext/bc-fips-1.0.0.jar

  3. Add BouncyCastle as an SSL security provider in <path to jre>/lib/security/

    security.provider.1=org.bouncycastle.jcajce.provider.BouncyCastle FipsProvider BCFIPS

  1. Use the following JVM java -D system property command arguments to set the KeyStore and TrustStore files to BCFIPS :

    export JAVA_OPTS="$JAVA_OPTS
    export JAVA_OPTS="$JAVA_OPTS

    For information on setting the SSL Keystore and Truststore, see Configuring TLS for JDBC Clients.

  1. Set the default type for the KeyStore implementation to BCFKS in
    <path to jre>/lib/security/

    keystore type=BCFKS

If you are using FIPS with BouncyCastle, you must create all client keys and certificates with the BCFKS store type, including the Vertica–>Kafka key/certs.

  1. On the command line, run the following command from <path to jre>/lib/ext to create the keystore and truststore. Make sure you use the BCFKS type:

    $ <java bin path> keytool -keystore vertica.kafka.keystore.bcfks
    -storetype BCFKS
    -providername BCFIPS
    -providerclass org.bouncycastle.jcajce.provider.BouncyCastleFipsProvider
    -provider org.bouncycastle.jcajce.provider.BouncyCastleFipsProvider
    - providerpath bc-fips-1.0.0.jar
    -alias CARoot
    -import -file (server.crt.der file path)

  1. Enter the keystore password when prompted. The following message appears:

    "Certificate was added to the keystore"

  1. Run the Java program with SSL DB:
    1. Copy the vertica.kafka.keystore.bcfks keyStore from <path to jre>/lib/ext/ to the java program folder.

    2. Convert the Vertica server certificate to a form that java understands:

      <java bin path>/keytool -keystore verticastore -keypasswd -storepass password -importkeystore -noprompt -alias verticasql -import -file server.crt.der

    3. Download the latest vertica JDBC driver from the Vertica download page.

  2. After creation of verticastore, keyStore, and download jar, execute the following command to run Java with debugging to test the implementation:

    $ java'vertica.kafka.keystore.bcfks''password''<path to verticastore>/verticastore''password'
    -cp .:vertica-jdbc-8.1.0-0.jar FIPSTest